Climate Change

Small islands, whether located in the tropics or higher latitudes, have characteristics which make them especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change, sea-level rise, and extreme events (very high confidence) ♦  Sea-level rise is expected to exacerbate inundation, storm surge, erosion and other coastal hazards, thus threatening vital infrastructure, settlements and facilities that support the livelihood of island communities (very high confidence). ♦  There is strong evidence that under most climate change scenarios, water resources in small islands are likely to be seriously compromised (very high confidence). ♦  It is very likely that subsistence and commercial agriculture on small islands will be adversely affected by climate change (high confidence). IPCC 4th Assessment Report, 2007

V. Vanuatu

Documents

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SPC/GIZ Climate Protection Project - Vanuatu National Planning Meeting Report SPC/GIZ Climate Protection Project - Vanuatu National Planning Meeting Report

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Date added: 07/28/2011
Date modified: 02/06/2015
Filesize: 2 MB
Downloads: 1489

The Vanuatu planning meeting of the SPC/GIZ Regional Programme “Climate Protection through Forest Conservation in Pacific Island Countries” was held at the Melanesian Hotel, Port Vila, from 15 – 16 June 2011.

The report documents the following:

  1. an overview of REDD+ initiatives in Vanuatu
  2. stakeholder relationships in terms of REDD+
  3. assessment of REDD+ needs and priorities for the country
  4. potential REDD+ pilot sites and feasible Project activities as identified by participants
  5. recommendations for the regional REDD+ information portal currently proposed under the project.

July 2011

SPC/GIZ: Vanuatu REDD+ Demonstration Activities – Participatory Pilot Site Selection SPC/GIZ: Vanuatu REDD+ Demonstration Activities – Participatory Pilot Site Selection

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Date added: 12/14/2011
Date modified: 02/06/2015
Filesize: 1.83 MB
Downloads: 3674

In the National Planning Meeting in Port Vila June 15-16 2011, the participants proposed potential pilot sites for the implementation of REDD+ demonstration activities. After further in-country consultations, three potential sites were pre-selected: Penaoru, Vatthe/Big Bay Bush (both Santo), and Wiawi (Malakula).

This report compiles the available background information on the three sites, describes the consultative process with the communities and identifies the potential area for implementation. It will serve as foundation for the final selection by project staff and Vanuatu REDD+ stakeholders, and hopefully facilitate future pilot site identification of other actors.

Prepared by Rufino Pineda for SPC/GIZ Regional Project “Climate Protection through Forest Conservation in Pacific Island Countries”.

November 2011

Vanuatu REDD+ - MRV and Reference Level Methodology Vanuatu REDD+ - MRV and Reference Level Methodology

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Date added: 04/13/2012
Date modified: 02/06/2015
Filesize: 766.25 kB
Downloads: 3545

In support of the Vanuatu national implementation strategy for REDD+, SPC/GIZ focuses on the development of a system for measuring, reporting and verifying (MRV) carbon emissions and a Reference Emission Level (REL).

As part of the REDD readiness activities, the available data was reviewed and a framework for the methodologies on REL development and MRV was discussed in a stakeholder workshop and presented to the National Advisory Committee on Climate Change (NACCC). This report describes in detail the proposed methodologies for REL/RL and MRV for Vanuatu and how national circumstances will be taken into account.

Authors: SPC/GIZ, Seifert-Granzin, J., Hecht, B.

April 2012

REDD+ and Forest Carbon Rights in Vanuatu - Background Legal Analysis REDD+ and Forest Carbon Rights in Vanuatu - Background Legal Analysis

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Date added: 11/15/2012
Date modified: 02/06/2015
Filesize: 990.98 kB
Downloads: 2845

Vanuatu is the only country in Melanesia which already has a statutory framework for forest carbon rights, although this only applies to leased land: the Forestry Rights Registration and Timber Harvest Guarantee Act 2000. The legislation creates a separate property right, which allows the carbon to be decoupled from the land. The grant of forestry rights under the Act is dependent on the prior creation of a lease over the land. Consequently, it does not provide a framework for customary land ‘owners’ to exercise their forest carbon rights on un-leased customary land.

Prepared by: Professor Jennifer Corrin, on behalf of SPC/GIZ Regional REDD+ Project "Climate Protection through Forest Conservation in Pacific Island Countries".

November 2012

SAR-based Deforestation Assessment, Espiritu Santo Island, Vanuatu SAR-based Deforestation Assessment, Espiritu Santo Island, Vanuatu

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Date added: 02/08/2013
Date modified: 02/06/2015
Filesize: 2.83 MB
Downloads: 2900

SAR-based Deforestation Assessment, Espiritu Santo Island, Vanuatu - Processing description and results Version 1.0

Based on three data sets, the deforestation on Santo Island, Vanuatu, was assessed for 2007-2010. According to the results at this stage, 4,584 ha have been deforested during the 3 year period corresponding to an annual deforestation of 1,528 ha/yr, which appears very high compared to a rate of 467.8 ha/yr for the whole of Vanuatu reported for the period 1990 to 2000 (Herold et al. 2007).

The spatial distribution shows, that most of the deforestation occurred in the agricultural area around Santo’s capital Luganville in the Southeast, between the villages Ipayato and Viase in the Southwest, and in the Northern part of the west coast.

Prepared by Joerg Seifert-Grenzin (MesaConsult) on behalf of SPC/GIZ "Climate Protection through Forest Conservation in Pacific Island Countries".

January 2013

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