Climate Change

Small islands, whether located in the tropics or higher latitudes, have characteristics which make them especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change, sea-level rise, and extreme events (very high confidence) ♦  Sea-level rise is expected to exacerbate inundation, storm surge, erosion and other coastal hazards, thus threatening vital infrastructure, settlements and facilities that support the livelihood of island communities (very high confidence). ♦  There is strong evidence that under most climate change scenarios, water resources in small islands are likely to be seriously compromised (very high confidence). ♦  It is very likely that subsistence and commercial agriculture on small islands will be adversely affected by climate change (high confidence). IPCC 4th Assessment Report, 2007

SPC/GIZ Coping with Climate Change in the Pacific Island Region

The expanded SPC/GIZ ‘Coping with climate change in the Pacific Island Region (CCCPIR)’ programme aims to strengthen the capacities of Pacific member countries and regional organisations to cope with the impacts of climate change.Changing rainfall patterns, longer drought periods, increased cyclone intensity and rising sea levels are likely to affect all communities and key economic sectors such as agriculture, forestry, fisheries and tourism. Addressing climate change is therefore an urgent priority in the Pacific and countries have consistently highlighted their needs at regional and international forums.

The SPC/GIZ programme commenced in 2009 working with Fiji, Tonga and Vanuatu. The programme emerged from a request received by SPC through the Heads of Agriculture and Forestry Services (HOAFS) at their 2006 meeting and the initial focus was therefore on land based natural resources such as agriculture, forestry and land use.

Recognising the particular vulnerabilities of Pacific countries the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany through the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) has extended its commitment to support Pacific Island Countries to cope with the effects of climate change. It has allocated another 13 Mio. € to the already ongoing SPC/GIZ regional program extending the overall financial envelope to 17.2 Mio. €. Based on country requests received during the appraisal mission, the scope of the programme has expanded to also cover fisheries, tourism, energy and education.

In addition to continued work with Fiji, Tonga and Vanuatu, it has expanded to another nine Pacific Island Countries, namely the Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu. The programme duration has been extended until 2015.

At the regional level, the programme aligns with the Pacific Island Framework for Action on Climate Change 2006-2015 (PIFACC). The programme will support countries in implementing key strategic priorities in the area of climate change including, where relevant, their National Adaptation Programmes for Action (NAPA), National Communications to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and other relevant national strategies, polices and plans.

Programme Components

The programme has six overall components:

  • C1: Strengthening regional advisory and management capacity
  • C2: Mainstreaming climate considerations and adaptations strategies
  • C3: Implementing adaptation and mitigation measures
  • C4: Sustainable tourism and climate change
  • C5: Sustainable energy management
  • C6: Climate change education


A brief presentation outlining the overall programme objectives and indicators is available here.
Component 1 will work mainly with regional organisations (SPC, SPREP) to enhance their capacity to integrate climate change into their service delivery to member countries


  • Objective: Improved advisory and management capacity in regional organisations promotes adaptation to climate change and the reduction of GHG emissions in the region

Component 2 will support countries to integrate climate change into various national strategies, plans and policies targeting agriculture, forestry, land use and marine resources.

  • Objective: Selected Pacific Island states are implementing adaptation strategies for managing natural resources and sector policies that systematically incorporate climate considerations.

Component 3 is closely linked to Component 2 and will support the implementation of specific adaptation and mitigation measures including through the establishment of pilot sites to trail approaches.

  • Objective: Selected Pacific countries have successfully implemented and evaluated adaptation and mitigation measures in the field of natural resources, particularly at community level.

Component 4 will work with Fiji, Palau, Samoa and Vanuatu at the national level to promote adaptation to climate change and strategies for emission reductions through public private partnerships with larger operators and supporting community based tourism initiatives.

  • Objective: Innovative partnerships and approaches in the tourism sector are promoting adaptation to climate change and a reduction in GHGs on the Pacific islands of Fiji, Samoa, Vanuatu and Palau.

Component 5 will work with the following countries – Tuvalu, Kiribati, Nauru, Vanuatu and Tonga – and focus on developing bankable proposals for climate smart energy projects.

  • Objective: Public and private service providers in the energy sector are strengthening and improving their climate-related services and their focus on sustainability, reliability and cost-effectiveness in the energy sector within the region.

Component 6 will work with the following countries - Kiribati, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga and Vanuatu – targeting national education ministries, vocational training institutions and teacher training institutions to integrate climate change into existing curricula and training programmes.

  • Objective: Capacities of education ministries, training institutions, schools and teachers are strengthened to plan and deliver education on climate change adaptation and mitigation.

Project Contacts

For further information on the SPC/GIZ programme please contact:

Dr Wulf Killmann

Team Leader
SPC/GIZ-Pacific German Regional
Coping with Climate Change in the Pacific Island Region (CCCPIR)
House 10, Forum Secretariat Complex
P.O Box 14041
Suva, Fiji
Tel.: (679) 3305 983; Fax: (679) 3315 446
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it