Climate Change

Small islands, whether located in the tropics or higher latitudes, have characteristics which make them especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change, sea-level rise, and extreme events (very high confidence) ♦  Sea-level rise is expected to exacerbate inundation, storm surge, erosion and other coastal hazards, thus threatening vital infrastructure, settlements and facilities that support the livelihood of island communities (very high confidence). ♦  There is strong evidence that under most climate change scenarios, water resources in small islands are likely to be seriously compromised (very high confidence). ♦  It is very likely that subsistence and commercial agriculture on small islands will be adversely affected by climate change (high confidence). IPCC 4th Assessment Report, 2007

Objectives and Activities
Monday, 25 July 2011 10:56

Regional support structures for REDD+ implementation

SPC and GIZ support structures for forest and biomass inventories with a special focus on providing a methodology for the detection of forest degradation. This will be achieved through close cooperation with the Geoscience Division of SPC as well as partner Universities from Germany and the Netherlands. Support structures on regional level also benefit smaller countries in various areas like training and exchange of expertise. Targeted capacity development for different stakeholder groups are continued.

Furthermore, the project will develop and support the exchange and management of knowledge and data within and beyond the region through the endorsed ‘Regional REDD+ Information Platform’ which will include a regional carbon registry for forest carbon projects of the four partner countries in a later stage of the project.

National REDD+ Readiness and Strategy development

The project supports Fiji, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands in proceeding with their respective REDD+ Readiness and in the development of their national REDD+ Strategies incorporating the main components of REDD+. This includes the review and development of national policies and regulations to create an enabling environment for REDD+ activities and frameworks and is jointly implemented with continued capacity development. The project activities include ameliorated strategies for forest management especially for degraded forest ecosystems, stakeholder participation and the support to the REDD+ focal points and steering committees in each of the countries. Furthermore the project will support the communication of REDD+ through targeted awareness materials and workshops tailored for different stakeholders groups, such as local communities, civil society organisations or different government departments that are directly or indirectly involved in REDD+ activities (e.g. Forestry, Agriculture, Mining or Land Departments).

Local pilot and demonstration activities

After a participatory pilot site selection in the previous project, implementation of pilot activities has started in all four Melanesian states. These activities will be further supported by the project and opportunities for enhancing the existing pilot sites or setting up new demonstration activities is targeted by the project. These will help to inform, verify and adapt REDD+ strategies developed on country level. In local level activities strategies for e.g. tackling drivers of deforestation and forest degradation as well as approaches for the sustainable management of forests or the restoration of degraded forest sites can be tested. Furthermore these sites will be used for on the job trainings for different staff from Forestry Departments as well as local service providers.

The local demonstration activities and pilot projects are partly implemented with the NGO Live and Learn Environmental Education as part of their Nakau Programme. As a result of these activities a first tranche of Plan Vivo Certificates was sold on the voluntary market from the pilot site in Vanuatu.

Partner Countries

The regional components of the project cover all 14 SPC member countries and territories in the Pacific, which are parties to the UNFCCC. Support for national REDD+ programs focuses on the four Melanesian countries with larger forest area: Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Island and Vanuatu.