Biosecurity and Trade

Biosecurity is a strategic and integrated approach to analyzing and managing relevant risks to human, animal and plant life and health and associated risks to the environment. Interest in biosecurity has risen considerably over the last decade in parallel with increasing trade in food, plant and animal products, more international travel, new outbreaks of transboundary disease affecting animals, plants and people, heightened awareness of biological diversity and greater attention to the environment and the impact of agriculture on environmental sustainability.

Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTSs) need to position themselves to take advantage of trading opportunities, while protecting their natural resource base from potential risks.
Regional experts meet for the review of draft International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures
Tuesday, 02 March 2010 09:54

Workshop Participants Twenty eight experts from 18 Pacific Island countries convened in  Nadi, Fiji Islands for the 7th Technical Consultation on the Regional Workshop for the Review of Draft International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs), giving Pacific Island countries the opportunity to review those draft ISPMs already in the current consultative phase of the standards setting process.

The goal of the training workshop was to assist member countries in developing their comments on the five draft ISPMs:

  • Systems approaches for pest risk management of fruit flies
  • Submission of new treatments for inclusion in ISPM 15
  • Integrated measures approach for managing pest risks associated with international trade of plants for planting
  • Irradiation treatment of Ceratitis capitata – Annex to ISPM No. 28
  • Diagnostic protocol for plum pox virus

Facilitated by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), as the Secretariat of the Pacific Plant Protection Organisation (PPPO), and in collaboration with the Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), and New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (NZ MAF), the training workshop was an important event in the region, allowing participants to be introduced to the draft ISPMs whilst gaining improved knowledge and understanding of the national and regional impact of these proposed standards, and providing a basis for the development and submission of national comments.

In his opening remarks, the Director of the SPC Land Resources Division (LRD), Mr Inoke Ratukalou stressed the importance of the workshop, noting that it provided the only opportunity and forum for Pacific Island countries to contribute to the IPPC standard setting process. He further highlighted the importance of these draft standards to Pacific Island countries’ trading operations.

IPPC Secretariat representative, Ms Joanna Hamilton presented an overview of IPPC, ISPMs and the standard setting process, which assisted participants in the compilation of comments on the draft standards. The five draft ISPMs were reviewed and comments were placed directly into the comments templates. Participants were also invited to take note of the comments and utilise them as appropriate in the preparation of their national comments for submission to the IPPC Secretariat by 13 September. Ms Hamilton also presented the guidelines to implementation of phytosanitary standards in forestry, which are currently under development, as an introduction to the participants regarding the need for improved communication between forestry and biosecurity officials.

Whilst the main thrust of the meeting was technical consultation training for the five draft ISPMs, participants were also presented a summary of the June Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM) Bureau meeting by Dr John Hedley of NZ MAF. Dr Hedley highlighted work in the areas of resource mobilisation, the communications strategy, the capacity building programme and the development of a strategic framework.

SPC Biosecurity Trade Facilitation Officer, Mr Roy Masamdu also presented the results of the Phytosanitary Capacity Evaluation (PCE) tool for the 14 countries: Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Tonga, Palau, Kiribati, Nauru, Niue, Marshall Islands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu and Fiji Islands.

The participants took time to visit the high temperature forced air (HTFA) facility at Nature’s Way in Nadi and timber treatment facilities at Fiji Hardwood and Tropic Wood Industry in Lautoka. They also visited the sites of activities undertaken by Operation Kadivuka – an operation to eradicate the Asian subterranean termite “Coptotermes gestroi “ which is ongoing in the Lautoka area.

Participants were issued copies of the draft ISPMs comments’ templates’ in addition to workshop comments to assist national plant protection offices in compiling their national comments for submission to the IPPC Secretariat.

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