Pacific Fruit Fly Project

Pacifly is the Pacific 's fruit fly web page which contains information about economic and non economic species of fruit flies in all the Pacific Island Countries and Territorries. Fruitflies are serious pests throughout tropical and sub tropical countries. They constitute of one of the worlds major insect pest in fresh fruits and fleshy vegetables. In every PICT, there is at least one damaging endemic fruit fly species present. Fruitflies cause direct losses to  fruit production and  in instances  where exotic species became established in a country, very expensive eradication programes had to be carried out. The Pacifly aims to provide detailed information of everything related to Fruit flies.

Tuesday, 15 January 2013 10:45


Niue is a sparsely populated Polynesian coral Island (259 km2, 60m) economically closely associated to New Zealand.

Fruit fly activities are carried out by the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Quarantine surveillance is in place and large scale protein bait spraying programme to control fruit flies at the village level has been initiated and is ongoing. An Emergency Response Plan for exotic fruit flies has been formulated. For more information, please contact:

Mr New Aue Testment, Head of Agriculture and Plant Protection Service
PO Box 74, Alofi, Niue
Tel: (683) 4032     Fax: (683) 4079
Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

You can also consult the Niue government website:

FRUIT FLY SPECIES: There are four species: B. passiflorae, B. kirki, Pacific fruit fly (B. xanthodes) and the non-economic B. obscura. All species except for B. xanthodes are attracted to Cue-lure. All species are very common over the whole island, especially between August and March.

QUARANTINE SURVEILLANCE. 1. Modified the initial fauna surveys into an early warning system as part of the Niue's overall quarantine surveillance system. Trapping focused on high-risk locations, such as tourist resorts, urban areas, educational institutions for overseas students, markets, farming areas, diplomatic missions and ports of entry.2. GPS points (GeoCode) for all trap sites were plotted and would be transferred to a map.

Host Status and Export Markets: 3. The Bilateral Quarantine Agreement (BQA) between Niue and New Zealand which became effective in 1992 was reviewed by SPC and NZ MAF in August 2005 which included confirmation by NZ MAF on the present list of approved personal and commercial export commodities and their Import requirements into NZ.

STATUS OF QUARANTINE SURVEILLANCE (as of October 2007: There are 12 trapping sites, each with one Cue-lure and one methyl eugenol trap. Regularly sampled fruits for research and quarantine surveillance are avocado, banana, mango, Syzygium apples, chillies, passionfruit, capsicum, zucchini, pineapple, Syzygium malaccense (kafika), and papaya.. There are fruit fly posters and quarantine bins at the airport.  The 10 trap sites were re-established in May after Cyclone Heta and 12 new established in 2012.  To date, no new fruit fly species is recorded on Niue.




Fakanaiki, C. 1998. Emergency response plan for Niue. Draft. 8pp.
Heimoana, V., Tunupopo, F., Toleafoa, E., Fakanaiki, C. 1997. Fruit fly fauna of Tonga, Western Samoa, American Samoa and Niue. pp. 57-59 in: Allwood, A.J., Drew, R.A.I. 1997. Fruit fly management in the Pacific. ACIAR Proceedings No 76. 267pp.

Download Pest Advisory Leaflet on Fruit flies in
Niue in English or in French (951 Kb)