Climate Change

Small islands, whether located in the tropics or higher latitudes, have characteristics which make them especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change, sea-level rise, and extreme events (very high confidence) ♦  Sea-level rise is expected to exacerbate inundation, storm surge, erosion and other coastal hazards, thus threatening vital infrastructure, settlements and facilities that support the livelihood of island communities (very high confidence). ♦  There is strong evidence that under most climate change scenarios, water resources in small islands are likely to be seriously compromised (very high confidence). ♦  It is very likely that subsistence and commercial agriculture on small islands will be adversely affected by climate change (high confidence). IPCC 4th Assessment Report, 2007

Climate Change and Agriculture

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Mapping hotspots of climate change and food insecurity in the global tropics Mapping hotspots of climate change and food insecurity in the global tropics

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Date added: 11/14/2011
Date modified: 11/14/2011
Filesize: 1.7 MB
Downloads: 1762
This study was coordinated by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) to identify areas that are food insecure and vulnerable to the impacts of future climate change, across the priority regions for the CGIAR centres. The research was undertaken by a team of scientists from the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI). The study relied on maps: first, of variables that indicate the different aspects of food security (availability, access and utilization), and second, of thresholds of climate change exposure important for agricultural systems. Vulnerability was assessed using a domain approach based upon the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) framework of vulnerability as a function of exposure, sensitivity and coping capacity. Nine domains were identified; for each domain areas of the tropics were classified by high or low exposure, high or low sensitivity, and high or low coping capacity.

© 2011 CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)

Policy coherence for agriculture and rural development Policy coherence for agriculture and rural development

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Date added: 11/14/2011
Date modified: 11/14/2011
Filesize: 1.56 MB
Downloads: 2271

"Overall, this Platform Knowledge Piece (PKP) aims to ‘trace the consistency between evolving agricultural and rural development (ARD) policies and the Paris Declaration and the Accra Agenda for Action.’ Specifically it addresses the following questions:
• Is coherence a significant problem in ARD policymaking - and is it worse than for other sectors, such as health and education?
• When incoherence arises, what causes it?
• Have recent global initiatives, above all those to promote food and nutrition security and those responding to climate change, made it harder to achieve coherent policy?
• What gets tracked and measured in ARD policy?"

Global Donor Platform for Rural Development
2011

Food security in the Pacific and East Timor and its vulnerability to climate change Food security in the Pacific and East Timor and its vulnerability to climate change

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Date added: 11/14/2011
Date modified: 11/14/2011
Filesize: 2.68 MB
Downloads: 2691

This report deals with food security and climate change in 15 Pacific Island economies in terms of the four traditional food security pillars:

1. Adequacy (enough food on a consistent basis, either through local production or imports or food assistance from outside sources);

2. Availability (ability of households and individuals to acquire food);

3. Stability (resilience of food supplies to external shocks, such as natural disasters);

4. Utilisation of food at the household level, especially by those with low incomes (requiring that people are healthy enough to process the food internally, and have adequate safe water and sanitation and food hygiene and child-care skills).

In the Pacific context, safety and nutrition (food that is fresh or properly preserved and contributes to a healthy diet) are equally important and are included as a fifth pillar. Adequate food security has existed only intermittently in the region in the past and food shortages and famine conditions continue to occur, largely as a result of natural weather-related events.

Prepared for the Australian Government Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community in conjunction with CSIRO

© Commonwealth of Australia 2011

Next Steps for Climate Change Mitigation in Agriculture Next Steps for Climate Change Mitigation in Agriculture

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Date added: 07/05/2011
Date modified: 07/05/2011
Filesize: 1.46 MB
Downloads: 1725
Key messages
- Agriculture can contribute significantly to climate change mitigation, but more action is needed to identify appropriate implementation mechanisms, technical guidelines, policies and sources of finance to improve readiness and capacity building.
- Mitigation measures must provide direct benefits to farmers and contribute to national food security, economic development and trade to gain political support and investment.
- Pilot projects need to demonstrate different mitigation mechanisms and improve their technical and economic feasibility under diverse farm conditions.
- Simple, cost-efficient and regionally adapted methods are required for monitoring, reporting and verifying agricultural emissions.
- Carbon markets are unlikely to provide sufficient incentives for widespread adoption of mitigation practices in agriculture.

Authors: Eva Wollenberg and Christine Negra
Date: June 2011

An Assessment of the Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture and Food Security in the Pacific: A Cas An Assessment of the Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture and Food Security in the Pacific: A Cas

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Date added: 05/20/2011
Date modified: 05/20/2011
Filesize: 794.53 kB
Downloads: 2728

An Assessment of the Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture and Food Security in the Pacific: A Case study in Vanuatu

This study was undertaken in accordance with the above recommendations of the 6th and 7th Meetings of the Ministers of Agriculture from the Pacific Islands. A desk review of existing climate change related reports and publications on Vanuatu was undertaken from October 8 to October 20 and an in-country consultation carried out from 22 October to 8 November 2007.

Prepared for FAO SAPA Apia, Samoa

Author: Muliagatele Joe Reti Pacific Environment Consultants Ltd (PECL)
Date: November 2007

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