Climate Change

Small islands, whether located in the tropics or higher latitudes, have characteristics which make them especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change, sea-level rise, and extreme events (very high confidence) ♦  Sea-level rise is expected to exacerbate inundation, storm surge, erosion and other coastal hazards, thus threatening vital infrastructure, settlements and facilities that support the livelihood of island communities (very high confidence). ♦  There is strong evidence that under most climate change scenarios, water resources in small islands are likely to be seriously compromised (very high confidence). ♦  It is very likely that subsistence and commercial agriculture on small islands will be adversely affected by climate change (high confidence). IPCC 4th Assessment Report, 2007

Pacific

Documents

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Application of an Integrated Assessment and Action Methodology to address Climate Change, Climate–in Application of an Integrated Assessment and Action Methodology to address Climate Change, Climate–in

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Application of an Integrated Assessment and Action Methodology to address Climate Change, Climate–induced Natural Disasters and to Facilitate Community-based Sustainable Development

Ascertaining the full impacts of climate change and implementing suitable adaptation measures remain a major challenge for resource poor rural communities. In this paper a new Integrated Assessment and Action Methodology for such adaptation which uses the predictive skills of scenario generators and the practicality of development driven new adaptation approaches, as detailed in UNDP’s Adaptation Policy Framework is described within the context of an AusAID funded “Community based climate adaptation implementation project” piloted in Fiji, for the South Pacific region.

Authors: Kanayathu C Koshy and Leone Limalevu
The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji
Date: November 2009

Community Adaptation In Fiji: Some Lessons Learnt Community Adaptation In Fiji: Some Lessons Learnt

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The small island developing countries of the Pacific are widely recognized as among those most vulnerable to climate change. 1, 2 They are already strongly impacted by extreme climatic events such as cyclones, to which the people have developed traditional coping mechanisms. Such mechanisms included preserved foods kept back for emergency use (e.g. fermented breadfruit) and light-weight dwellings which though easily destroyed could be quickly rebuilt. But economic development has led to changing lifestyles, urbanization, and increased populations, which have made such mechanisms less relevant than in past centuries, .and these counties do not have the human or financial resources to take up technologically sophisticated adaptation measures. Therefore there is a strong need to identify, develop and disseminate adaptation strategies that are suitable for use in Pacific communities as they are now.

Authors: Bill Aalbersberg, Patrina Dumaru, Leone Limalevu and Tony Weir - University of the South Pacific
Date: May 2010
PACE-SD Occasional Paper No. 2010/1

Three linked risks for development in the Pacific Islands: Climate Change, Natural Disasters and Co Three linked risks for development in the Pacific Islands: Climate Change, Natural Disasters and Co

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Three linked risks for development in the Pacific Islands: Climate Change, Natural Disasters and Conflict

Pacific Island countries are demonstrably vulnerable to the risks of climate change, disasters and conflict. This paper outlines the conceptual links between these risks, briefly describes how each of the risks operates in the Pacific Islands , and goes on to demonstrate the interaction of climate change, disasters and potential for conflict in the Pacific Islands, by applying a new conceptual framework to some illustrative case studies.

Authors: Tony Weir and Zahira Virani
Date: July 2010
PACE-SD Occasional Paper No. 2010/3

Climate Change and Migration – South Pacific Perspectives Climate Change and Migration – South Pacific Perspectives

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A compilation of selected papers presented at the Climate Change and Migration in the South Pacific Region: Policy Perspectives Conference. The Institute of Policy Studies, Victoria University hosted this conference on 9 – 10 July 2009

Editor: Bruce Burson
Publisher: Institute of Policy Studies, School of Government, Victoria University, Wellington
2010

Preparing Fiji’s National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (NCCAS) Preparing Fiji’s National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (NCCAS)

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A presentation providing a good background on the issues and elements for developing a national adaptation strategy, with specifc steps are elaborated . It highlights the need to co-ordinate with and integrate national policy and strategic components of involved sectors.

Presentation at the Fiji inception workshop to develop a National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (land-based resources), Suva
, 29 March, 2011. This initiative is supported by the SPC/GIZ Regional Programme - Coping with Climate Change in the Pacific Island Region and coordinated with the Fiji Department of Environment

Author: Professor John Hay
Date: March 2011

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