Climate Change

Small islands, whether located in the tropics or higher latitudes, have characteristics which make them especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change, sea-level rise, and extreme events (very high confidence) ♦  Sea-level rise is expected to exacerbate inundation, storm surge, erosion and other coastal hazards, thus threatening vital infrastructure, settlements and facilities that support the livelihood of island communities (very high confidence). ♦  There is strong evidence that under most climate change scenarios, water resources in small islands are likely to be seriously compromised (very high confidence). ♦  It is very likely that subsistence and commercial agriculture on small islands will be adversely affected by climate change (high confidence). IPCC 4th Assessment Report, 2007

Pacific

Documents

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Assessing the vulnerability of rural livelihoods in the Pacific to climate change Assessing the vulnerability of rural livelihoods in the Pacific to climate change

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This report details a ten month scoping study conducted to assess the relative vulnerability of rural livelihoods across Pacific Island Countries (PICs) to climate change. The study focuses on East Timor (Timor-Leste) and 15 PICs (Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Palau, Fiji, Nauru, Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, Cook Islands, Niue, Samoa, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu).

Park, S., Howden, M., Booth, T., Stokes, C., Webster, T., Crimp, S., Pearson, L., Attard, S. Jovanovic, T. (2009) Assessing the vulnerability of rural livelihoods in the Pacific to climate change. Prepared for the Australian Government Overseas Aid Program (AusAID). CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems, Canberra.

© CSIRO Australia, 2009

Climate change: impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation in developing countries Climate change: impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation in developing countries

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The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) secretariat has produced this book to highlight the concerns and needs of developing countries in adapting to the effects of climate change. This book outlines the impact of climate change in four developing country regions: Africa, Asia, Latin America and small island developing States; the vulnerability of these regions to future climate change; current adaptation plans, strategies and actions; and future adaptation options and needs.

© 2007 UNFCCC
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Baseline Climatology of Viti Levu (Fiji) and Current Climatic Trends Baseline Climatology of Viti Levu (Fiji) and Current Climatic Trends

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This paper characterizes the climate at Nadi and Suva from 1961 to the present, providing a picture of ongoing climate trends. The focus is on surface observations of air temperature and rainfall. Findings suggest that surface air temperatures have registered increasing trends at both Suva and Nadi (the two observatory sites in Fiji identified as Weather Observing Stations under the global network of the World Meteorological Organization) during the period 1961–2003.

Authors: Melchior Mataki, Kanayathu C. Koshy, and Murari Lal
In Pacific Science Journal: Volume 60 . Number 1 . January 2006

Fiji Coastal Impacts Study: Supplementary to Climate Change V & A Assessment for Fiji Fiji Coastal Impacts Study: Supplementary to Climate Change V & A Assessment for Fiji

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prepared for The World Bank Group

This document presents extended case studies of the impacts of climate change on the Fiji coast. In particular the study evaluates:
- Coastal erosion at 3 representative sites on the coast of Viti Levu.
- Inundation at 3 representative sites on the coast of Viti Levu.

International Global Change Institute (IGCI)
University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand in collaboration with Pacific Islands Climate Change Assistance Programme (PICCAP), Fiji Country Team
30 June 2000

Economic impact of natural disasters on development in the Pacific Economic impact of natural disasters on development in the Pacific

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This report responds to a lack in practical materials for measuring the impacts of natural disasters. It comprises two key resources:
i) a research report which demonstrates how past natural hazards in Fiji, Niue, Tuvalu and Vanuatu have resulted in significant short-term and long-term direct, indirect and intangible impacts.
ii) a practical guide for estimating the direct, indirect and macroeconomic impacts of natural disasters, both in the short and long term, on development in the Pacific.

Authors: E. McKenzie; B. Prasad; A. Kaloumaira
Publisher: Australian Agency for International Development, 2006

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