Climate Change

Small islands, whether located in the tropics or higher latitudes, have characteristics which make them especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change, sea-level rise, and extreme events (very high confidence) ♦  Sea-level rise is expected to exacerbate inundation, storm surge, erosion and other coastal hazards, thus threatening vital infrastructure, settlements and facilities that support the livelihood of island communities (very high confidence). ♦  There is strong evidence that under most climate change scenarios, water resources in small islands are likely to be seriously compromised (very high confidence). ♦  It is very likely that subsistence and commercial agriculture on small islands will be adversely affected by climate change (high confidence). IPCC 4th Assessment Report, 2007

Pacific

Documents

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Overview of Progress in Addressing Climate Change in Fiji (Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management) Overview of Progress in Addressing Climate Change in Fiji (Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management)

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Date modified: 04/13/2011
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This presentation provides a good overview on developments relating to climate change issues in the Pacific and Fiji. It looks at:

  • The history of frameworks, approaches, methods and tools in the Pacific
  • Fiji’s initial efforts in addressing climate change
  • Recent progress and developments by Fiji in addressing climate change
  • Ongoing initiatives and challenges
Presentation at the Fiji inception workshop to develop a National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (land-based resources), Suva, 29 March, 2011. This initiative is supported by the SPC/GIZ Regional Programme - Coping with Climate Change in the Pacific Island Region and coordinated with the Fiji Department of Environment

Author: Professor John Hay
Date: March 2011

Modeling Climate Change Impacts on Viti Levu (Fiji) and Aitutaki (Cook Islands) Modeling Climate Change Impacts on Viti Levu (Fiji) and Aitutaki (Cook Islands)

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Date added: 10/14/2010
Date modified: 10/14/2010
Filesize: 6.49 MB
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A Final Report Submitted to Assessments of Impacts and Adaptations to Climate Change (AIACC), Project No. SIS09

An important activity of the Pacific Islands Climate Change Assistance Programme (PICCAP), which was a Global Environment Fund (GEF) funded enabling activity, was the development of integrated assessment models to support both Vulnerability and Adaptation (V&A) assessments and capacity building in Pacific island states.2 The unique aspect of this work was the linking, through interdisciplinary collaboration, of climate change data, models, and projections with sets of sectoral impact models at the island scale, for both temporal and spatial analyses. Under PICCAP, there were two such modeling developments. The first was VANDACLIM–The Islands Version (for a fictitious country), a software tool in support of training in V&A assessment.3 The generic developments for VANDACLIM fueled the development of a set of prototype integrated assessment models for real places in the Pacific, like Rarotonga (Cook Islands), Viti Levu (Fiji) and Tawara (Kiribati).

Submitted by Dr Kanayathu Koshy
Published by The International START Secretariat
2007

Institutional and Policy Analysis of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation in Pacifi Institutional and Policy Analysis of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation in Pacifi

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Date added: 10/14/2010
Date modified: 10/14/2010
Filesize: 1.74 MB
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This report explores how and why the fields of disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation have developed in parallel, globally as well as in the Pacific, rather than in a more integrated manner. Essentially the former has focused on addressing existing risks related to all categories of hazards, though it is increasingly also taking a longer term view, similar to that of climate change adaptation. Importantly, disaster risk reduction looks more widely than just climate-related risks. On the other hand, adaptation has been more concerned with addressing future climate risks, with relatively more limited and less developed tools and with institutional frameworks, political processes, information sharing and a community of practitioners that often struggle to provide meaningful and lasting responses to climate change.

 Author: John E. Hay,  JEH+ Ltd, Rarotonga

Prepared for the United Nations International System for Disaster Reduction and the United Nations Development Programme

Date: May 2009

Cities, Sea, and Storms Managing Change in Pacific Island Economies - Volume IV Cities, Sea, and Storms Managing Change in Pacific Island Economies - Volume IV

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Date added: 09/09/2010
Date modified: 09/09/2010
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Volume IV: Adapting to Climate Change

This volume examines the possible impacts of changes in climate on high and low islands of the Pacific, and discusses key adaptation and financing strategies available to Pacific Island countries. The short-term outcome of the report is intended to be an improved understanding of the need and scope for adaptation policies in face of the challenges posed by climate change. Over the long term, it is hoped that the report can assist Pacific Island governments, businesses and communities to better adapt to change by building on the strengths unique to their countries and their people.

Copyright © 2000.

The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/ THE WORLD BANK

November 30, 2000

Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment for Fiji Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment for Fiji

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Date added: 07/12/2010
Date modified: 07/12/2010
Filesize: 2.12 MB
Downloads: 5254

In order to develop and implement appropriate cliamte change response strategies, it is essential to establish a comprehensive baseline of the current situation in Fiji and an understanding of the effects of climate change, the degree of vulnerability and the national capacity to adapt. This has been achieved, in this current vulnerability and adaptation assessment, by using Viti Levu for an in-depth case study.

International Global Change Institute (IGCI)
University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand in partnership with South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) and Pacific Islands Climate Change Assistance Programme (PICCAP), Fiji Country Team
January 2000

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