Climate Change

Small islands, whether located in the tropics or higher latitudes, have characteristics which make them especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change, sea-level rise, and extreme events (very high confidence) ♦  Sea-level rise is expected to exacerbate inundation, storm surge, erosion and other coastal hazards, thus threatening vital infrastructure, settlements and facilities that support the livelihood of island communities (very high confidence). ♦  There is strong evidence that under most climate change scenarios, water resources in small islands are likely to be seriously compromised (very high confidence). ♦  It is very likely that subsistence and commercial agriculture on small islands will be adversely affected by climate change (high confidence). IPCC 4th Assessment Report, 2007

Suggested Reading Materials

Documents

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Livelihoods and climate change: combining disaster risk reduction, natural resource management and c Livelihoods and climate change: combining disaster risk reduction, natural resource management and c

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Date added: 07/12/2010
Date modified: 07/12/2010
Filesize: 1.53 MB
Downloads: 930

This paper discusses a variety of issues surrounding livelihoods and climate change. Highlights of the paper include:

  • climate-induced changes to resource flows will affect the viability of livelihoods unless effective measures are taken to protect and diversify them through adaptation and other strategies
  • for the poorest and most vulnerable, strategies should include ecosystem management and restoration activities such as watershed restoration, agroecology, reef protection and rangeland rehabilitation
  • adaptation must be seen as a process that is itself adaptive and flexible to address locally-specific and changing circumstances
  • institutional capacity must be strengthened in order to lessen the gaps between local and national processes, and between formal and informal patterns of economic activity and resource management.

Authors: IISD
Publisher: Climate Change, International Institute for Sustainable Development
Date: March 2003

Adaptation of forests to climate change. Some estimates Adaptation of forests to climate change. Some estimates

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Date added: 07/12/2010
Date modified: 07/12/2010
Filesize: 1.11 MB
Downloads: 1036

This discussion paper reviews literature on the effect of climate change on the global forest sector. It delves into the literature on forest economics, climate change models, assumptions and inputs and relationships between the models and industrial forestry. It discusses the implications of the findings, costs and limitations and the need for adaptation. It applies the model predictions to three country case studies: Brazil, China and South Africa. The research elicits the following findings: i) overall forest area will not change much and the future availability of industrial wood is likely to be adequate despite the climate change. ii) the three case countries show different capacities to adapt iii) over the next fifty years the forest industry is likely to adapt without major relocation of its processing facilities. iv) any climate-induced disruptions in the industrial forest resource are likely to generate unemployment in the processing industries and in the forest.

Author: R. Sedjo (ed)
Publisher: Resources for the Future 
Date: January 2010

Integrating approaches: Sustainable livelihoods, disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptati Integrating approaches: Sustainable livelihoods, disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptati

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Date added: 07/12/2010
Date modified: 07/12/2010
Filesize: 801.81 kB
Downloads: 750

The unpredictability of future climate and weather patterns means that potential pathways out of poverty are less obvious. In December 2009, Practical Action hosted a seminar bringing together academics, practitioners and policy-makers to explore how thinking on climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction can be integrated with sustainable livelihoods approaches for more effective and sustained poverty reduction.

This briefing paper provides an overview of the theme of the seminar, followed by summaries of the presentations made there.

Publisher: Practical Action [Intermediate Technology Development Group]
2010

Multilateral Environmental Agreement -Negotiator’s Handbook. Second Edition: 2007 Multilateral Environmental Agreement -Negotiator’s Handbook. Second Edition: 2007

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Date added: 07/08/2010
Date modified: 07/08/2010
Filesize: 950.42 kB
Downloads: 1004

The handbook begins with a brief history of MEAs and major conferences. It lays out the elements of MEAs, common provisions and how they work together; reviews the rules of the game, from the basics of treaty law to rules of procedure and finance; gives an overview of the playing field and the players, looks at structures and roles; provides approaches to drafting and strategic issues; surveys international cooperation issues; provides a synthesis perspective, looks at a typical day in negotiations, negotiation products, then a checklist and reference tools, including the new glossary.

University of Joensuu – UNEP Course Series 5
June 2007

Closing the Gaps: Disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change in developing countries Closing the Gaps: Disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change in developing countries

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Date added: 07/08/2010
Date modified: 07/08/2010
Filesize: 3.44 MB
Downloads: 1174

The Commission examines adaptation to climate change and its links with development and disaster risk reduction and issues policy recommendations on how the resilience of vulnerable communities and countries can be strengthened through official development assistance (ODA), on appropriate institutional and financial architecture, and on the mobilization of new financial resources.

Report of the Commission on Climate Change and Development
2009

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