|Bactrocera musae (Tryon) - BANANA FLY|
|Monday, 21 January 2013 10:36|
Banana fly (Photo: S. Wilson)
DISTRIBUTION: Widespread and very common along eastern coast of Queensland, from Townsville north to Torres Strait islands, in Australia, and in Papua New Guinea (mainland, East New Britain and Lihir Island). Recorded in literature to be present in Bismarck Archipelago (PNG), Solomon Islands and Vanuatu, but never trapped or reared from banana samples in recent years, except in East New Britain and Lihir. In 1999, it was trapped and bred from bananas in East New Britain Province, and is widespread over most of the Gazelle Peninsula. It may have been introduced with infested bananas brought from Mainland PNG as food relief after the devastating 1994 volcanic eruption in Rabaul. Breeding populations also occur on Lihir Island (New Ireland Province).
HOST PLANTS: This species attacks bananas (Musa spp) and has occasionally been bred from a few other plants. In Papua New Guinea, it has been bred from eating and cooking bananas (Musa x paradisiaca) and once from papaya (Carica papaya). In Australia, 12 host species have been recorded, from 10 genera and 9 families, but the majority of records are from bananas (Hancock et al, 2000).
BIOLOGY: Adults mate at dusk. Female flies lay 7-12 eggs per fruit. They often oviposit in green and young bananas, and egg hatch may be delayed for up to 11 days while the host fruit is maturing. Laboratory colonies are kept in Papua New Guinea for biological and heat tolerance research.
ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE: Mean percent of ripe fingers infested by banana fly larvae in Papua New Guinea are 10-40% in Oro Province, 22.9% in Port Moresby and 17.6% in Morobe.
MALE LURE: Methyl eugenol.
QUARANTINE SURVEILLANCE: Methyl eugenol trapping and regular host fruit surveys of bananas.
OPTIONS FOR RESPONSE (If newly discovered in a country): Increased trapping, increased host fruit sampling, restriction of fruit movement, protein bait spraying, male annihilation.