Pacific Fruit Fly Project

Pacifly is the Pacific 's fruit fly web page which contains information about economic and non economic species of fruit flies in all the Pacific Island Countries and Territorries. Fruitflies are serious pests throughout tropical and sub tropical countries. They constitute of one of the worlds major insect pest in fresh fruits and fleshy vegetables. In every PICT, there is at least one damaging endemic fruit fly species present. Fruitflies cause direct losses to  fruit production and  in instances  where exotic species became established in a country, very expensive eradication programes had to be carried out. The Pacifly aims to provide detailed information of everything related to Fruit flies.

Bactrocera bryoniae (Tryon)
Thursday, 17 January 2013 10:39



B. bryoniae female (Photo: S. Wilson)

DISTRIBUTION: Widespread and common all over Papua New Guinea (every provinces except Bougainville and Manus), and Australia (coastal areas of Western Australia, Northern Territory, east coast south to Sydney, and the Torres Strait islands).

HOST PLANTS: Surveys in Australia and PNG have identified at least 9 host species in 8 genera and 5 families. Published records in PNG, indicate it has been bred from:

BIOLOGY: Adults mate at dusk.

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE: No damage assessments have been done. Damage on Birdseye and Tabasco chilli sometimes important in PNG. Infestations on bananas have been reported by Drew (1989), but it has not been bred from banana during intensive host surveys by the PNG Fruit Fly Project.

MALE LURE: Cue-lure.

QUARANTINE SURVEILLANCE: Cue-lure trapping and regular host fruit surveys of Birdseye or Tabasco chilli. Cue-lure trapping and regular host fruit surveys of Birdseye or Tabasco chilli.

OPTIONS FOR RESPONSE (If newly discovered in a country): Increased trapping, increased host fruit sampling, restriction of fruit movement, protein bait spraying.

CONTROL: Protein bait spraying for chilli farmers, if damage is important.


PLANT FAMILY

PLANT SPECIES

COMMON NAME

PNG

Cucurbitaceae

Bryonopsis affinis

-

X

Musaceae

Musa sp

Banana

X

Passifloraceae

Passiflora foetida

Wild passionfruit

X

Solanaceae

Capsicum frutescens

Birds eye and Tabasco chilli

X

 

Sources of published host data:

Dori, F.M., Tenakanai, D. and K. Kurika. 1993. The Current Status of Fruit Flies (Tephritidae) in Papua New Guinea. Harvest. 15(2): 22-25.
Leblanc, L., Balagawi, S., Mararuai, A., Putulan, D., Tenakanai, D. and A.R. Clarke. 2001. Fruit Flies in Papua New Guinea. SPC Pest Advisory Leaflet No 37. 12pp.
Tenakanai, D. 1997. Fruit Fly Fauna in Papua New Guinea. pp. 87-94 in: Allwood, A.J. and R.A.I. Drew. Management of Fruit Flies in the Pacific. ACIAR Proceedings No 76. 267p.

 

REFERENCES:
Drew, R.A.I. 1989.The tropical fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) of the Australasian and Oceanian regions. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. Volume 26. 521 pp. (Description and illustration).

PLANT FAMILY

PLANT SPECIES

COMMON NAME

PNG

Cucurbitaceae

Bryonopsis affinis

-

X

Musaceae

Musa sp

Banana

X

Passifloraceae

Passiflora foetida

Wild passionfruit

X

Solanaceae

Capsicum frutescens

Birdseye and Tabasco chilli

X